Volume 2 January 2017 - December 2017 - Issue 1


Article Number 1
Title

A comparative study of manglicolous lichens and their distribution inside Bhitarkanika National Park (Odisha), India

Authors

Panda M, Murthy TVR, Samal RN, Lele N, Patnaik AK, Mohan PK

Received 03 October 2016
Accepted 31 January 2017
Published Online 23 March 2017
Corresponding Author Muktipada Panda – muktipada.panda@gmail.com
Abstract

The manglicolous lichens are a specific group of lichens which occur in association with mangrove plants. Mangrove ecosystems have limited accessibility and the lichen study in mangrove forests are less studied and reported. The present study is the first-time report on lichen diversity, their distribution and its associated host mangrove species at eight different sites within the mangrove forests of Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park (Odisha), India. The study recorded a total of 49 lichen species which belongs to 26 genera and 14 families. The comparison of growth forms showed presence of 28 species of crustose, 18 species of foliose and three species of fruticose type of lichens from the study sites. The analysis of host mangrove species showed Excoecaria agallocha as the most preferable mangrove species as it housed 38 lichen species on its surface (i.e., 45% crustose, 47% foliose, and 8% fruticose). The comparison of growth forms of the total recorded lichen species from Bhitarkanika National Park, resulted 57% species crustose, 37% foliose and 6% of fruticose type of lichens. The mangrove species, Avicennia officinalis and lichen of the genus Chrysothrix were found as common to all the study sites. The Jaccard similarity index study of lichen species between the study sites showed Kalibhanjadiya Island and Habelikhati as more similar in comparison of lichen species composition (i.e., 0.64). The occurrence of foliose and fruticose type of lichens showed the healthy and undisturbed mangrove forest conditions at many sites within Bhitarkanika National Park.

Keywords Bhitarkanika – Diversity – Growth form – Host Mangrove – Lichens
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Article Number 2
Title

Amazonia atlantiicola sp. nov. (Ascomycetes, Meliolales) from Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala State, India

Authors

Lini KM, Neeta NN, Swapna S

Received 16 August 2016
Accepted 20 February 2017
Published Online 27 March 2017
Corresponding Author Lini KM – linikmathew1985@gmail.com
Abstract

A new species, Amazonia atlantiicola, infecting leaves of Atlantia sp. (Rutaceae), was collected from Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary of Kozhikode district. It is introduced, described and illustrated in this paper.

Keywords Atlantia – black mildew – new species
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Article Number 3
Title

Proximate composition and antimicrobial activity of three wild edible mushrooms consumed by ethnic inhabitants of Tripura in northeast India

Authors

Roy Das A, Saha AK, Das P

Received 16 August 2016
Accepted 20 February 2017
Published Online 27 March 2017
Corresponding Author Das P – panna11d@gmail.com
Abstract

The study was focused on edible mushrooms consumed by the ethnic inhabitants of Tripura, northeast India. Three mushrooms namely Lentinus squarrosulus, Lentinus tuber-regium and Macrocybe gigantea were evaluated quantitatively for proximate composition and mineral nutrients. In addition, the efficacy of the mycelial extract was tested for antimicrobial activity against the bacteria. The results of this study indicated that mushrooms were rich in protein and carbohydrate with low fat content. Macrocybe gigantea proved to the best source of protein and carbohydrate among the three mushrooms. There were varied amount of micronutrients recorded in all the three mushrooms. The antimicrobial activity of mycelial extract of M. gigantea was found against all the tested strains of bacteria. The study suggested that these mushrooms are rich in nutrients particularly M. gigantea which could be used as an alternative source of vegetarian food to the ethnic people of Tripura. The antimicrobial activity exhibited by these mushrooms indicated their medicinal properties

Keywords Antimicrobial activity – edible mushroom – ethnic tribes – macro nutrients – micro nutrients
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Article Number 4
Title

The molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of endophytic fungal species from the leaves of Vitex negundo L

Authors

Ramesh V, Arivudainambi USE, Rajendran A

Received 16 August 2016
Accepted 20 February 2017
Published Online 27 March 2017
Corresponding Author V. Ramesh – ramesh.vnr09@gamil.com
Abstract

Enormous fungal species live within the healthy plant tissues, some of which presumably occur in a symbiotic association with host. Some fungal endophytes are widespread and can be found in many different plant species, whereas others are highly specific to single hosts. In this study, we isolated three endophytic fungi from the medicinal plant Vitex negundo. They were identified based on morphological characteristics such as size, shape, and colour of the spore and it was reinforced by 18s rRNA gene sequence analysis. The phylogenetic tree showed that C. gloeosporioides VN1 and Pestalotiopsis virgatula VN2 were closely relationship between. But they were not closely relationship between the other endophytic fungal species that were obtained from geographically different part of the world. This aspect can be further explored to understand the relationships between plant hosts and their fungal endophyte.

Keywords Endophytic fungi – MEGA 6.0 – phylogenetic relationship – rRNA
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Article Number 5
Title

Ramularia coleosporii (Mycosphaerella) on Plumeria rust in Thailand

Authors

Sun JZ, Liu JK, McKenzie EHC, Liu XZ, Hyde KD

Received 01 December 2016
Accepted 11 March 2017
Published Online 29 March 2017
Corresponding Author Liu Xing Zhong – liuxz@im.ac.cn
Abstract

A hyperparasitic fungus was found on uredinia of Coleosporium plumeria on leaves of Plumeria rubra in Thailand. The hyperparasite was identified as Ramularia coleosporii following an examination of its morphological characters and a phylogenetic analysis by using ITS sequence data. This is the first record of R. coleosporii on C. plumeriae in Thailand. Ramularia coleosporii has the potential for biocontrol management strategies of the rust.

Keywords biocontrol – Coleosporium plumeriae – fungicolous fungi – hyperparasite
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Article Number 6
Title

Macro-fungal diversity in the Kilum-Ijim forest, Cameroon

Authors

Teke NA, Kinge TR, Bechem E, Mih AM, Kyalo M, Stomeo F

Received 05 February 2017
Accepted 11 March 2017
Published Online 29 March 2017
Corresponding Author Kinge, T. R. – e-mail – rosemary32us@yahoo.com
Abstract

Fungi are one of the most species-rich and diverse groups of organisms on Earth, with forests ecosystems being the main habitats for macro-fungi. The Kilum-Ijim forest in Cameroon is a community forest populated by several species of plant and animal life forms; although macro-fungi are exploited for food and medicine, their diversity has not been documented in this ecosystem. Since anthropogenic impact on this forest may cause decline of macro-fungal diversity or extinction of known and previously undiscovered species, it is imperative to generate a checklist of the existing macro-fungi for use in the implementation of sustainable conservation and management practices. This study was therefore carried out to generate information on macro-fungal diversity in this forest. During a field study carried out between 2013 and 2015, 206 macro-fungi samples were collected and molecularly identified using the ribosomal ITS1, 5.8S and ITS2 regions. Sequence data analysis revealed that majority of the fungal isolates (87.93%) belonged to phylum Basidiomycota while 12.07% belonged to Ascomycota. Among the fungal genera detected, 18 are new records for Cameroon. This work represents the first comprehensive record of macro-fungi in Kilum-Ijim forest in Cameroon.

Keywords Checklist – DNA barcoding – Kilum-Ijim – Mushrooms
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Article Number 7
Title

Phallus rubicundus in South Brazil

Authors

Cortez VG, Silva-Filho AGS

Received 02 February 2017
Accepted 11 March 2017
Published Online 29 March 2017
Corresponding Author Vagner G. Cortez – e-mail – cortezvg@yahoo.com.br
Abstract

The widespread phalloid fungus Phallus rubicundus is reported for the first time in South Brazil. The collection is described and illustrated macro- and micromorphologically, and the taxonomy, distribution and ecology of the species are discussed, as well its occurrence in Brazil.

Keywords Phallales – Phallomycetidae – Phallus subgenus Satyrus – Stinkhorns
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Article Number 8
Title

Knoxdaviesia with K. serotectus (Van der Linde & Jol. Roux) Z.W. de Beer & M.J. Wingf. a new world record from the gut of red palm weevils

Authors

Moubasher AH, Abdel-Sater MA, Zeinab Soliman

Received 02 February 2017
Accepted 11 March 2017
Published Online 02 April 2017
Corresponding Author Moubasher AH – e-mail – ahamaumc@yahoo.com
Abstract

During surveys of the mycota inhabiting guts of insect species in Assiut area, Egypt, two interesting isolates were obtained from two different gut samples (out of 11 investigated) of the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier). These isolates were identified phenotypically as Knoxdaviesia serotectus (≡ Gondwanamyces serotectus). The isolates were deposited in the Assiut University Mycological Centre Culture Collection and given AUMC numbers, AUMC 10299 and AUMC 10293. Brief descriptions and photos are presented. This species is recorded here for the first time worldwide from the gut of red palm weevils.

Keywords Assiut – Gondwanamyces – insect gut – Rhynchophorus ferrugineus
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Article Number 9
Title

Protostropharia luteonitens (Basidiomycota, Agaricales): new to China

Authors

Ma T, Ling XF

Received 27 March 2017
Accepted 25 April 2017
Published Online 17 May 2017
Corresponding Author Tao Ma – e-mail – matao_1121@163.com
Abstract

Protostropharia luteonitens is characterized by its pointedly papillate pileus, the large dark basidiospores, 2- spored basidia and absence of chrysocystidia. It is known from North America, Europe and Asia (Japan). In this paper, P. luteonitens is reported for the first time from China. This species is presented here with a full description, colour photographs, and line drawings.

Keywords Morphological characteristics – Strophariaceae – taxonomy
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Article Number 10
Title

IMD: The first online database of documentation on Myxomycetes fungi from India

Authors

Ranadive KR, Jagtap NV, Ranade VD

Received 07 February 2017
Accepted 13 March 2017
Published Online 20 June 2017
Corresponding Author Kiran R. Ranadive – e-mail –ranadive.kiran@gmail.com
Abstract

The Indian Myxomycetes Database (IMD) is the first on-line database of information on Myxomycetes in India. The database contains 394 records from 11 families, 50 genera and 351 species, and can be accessed at www.fungifromindia.com. Every species from this much neglected group of fungi has been given a unique identity number that can be cited in publications where a new species is described. Every entry in this database has been linked with the globally recognized myco-database (www.mycobank.org). The IMD is part of an Indian initiative to promote international biodiversity documentation and form a global network of databases on biological information.

Keywords Indian Myxomycetes Database – MycoBank – Mycology
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Article Number 11
Title

Diversity of macrofungi and its distribution pattern of Gorakhpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India

Authors

Vishwakarma P, Singh P and Tripathi NN

Received 21 July 2017
Accepted 03 August 2017
Published Online 26 September 2017
Corresponding Author Pratima Vishwakarma – pratima.vishwakarma12@gmail.com
Abstract

The present study deals with the status of macrofungal diversity in Gorakhpur district and its distribution pattern. The macrofungal survey was undertaken during 2011-2014 in different localities of Gorakhpur district. A total of 114 species of macrofungi belonging to 58 genera and 33 families were collected and identified in to 31 edible species, 10 excellent edible species, 68 inedible species and 5 poisonous species. Agaricaceae family was found to be the dominant representing 18 species. Distribution of macrofungal species in different localities of Gorakhpur district was also evaluated on the basis of Shannon diversity index, Simpson diversity index and evenness. Highest Shannon diversity index, Simpson diversity index and evenness were found to be 3.61, 0.97 and 0.90 respectively in Sahjanwan tehsil. The results indicate a very high species richness of the study site. 

Keywords Agaricales – Basidiomycota – Diversity index – Edible macrofungi
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Article Number 12
Title

Occurrence of Stemonitis axifera (Bull.) T. Macbr. (Myxomycota: Stemonitales) in Pondicherry, a union territory of India

Authors

Keekan KK and Ranadive KR

Received 31 March 2017
Accepted 12 June 2017
Published Online 25 October 2017
Corresponding Author Kishor Kumar Keekan– e-mail – keekank@gmail.com
Abstract

 

Stemonitis axifera, observed on a piece of dead wood from Pondicherry, a union territory of India is described here based on morphological and microscopical characteristics. This observation is relevant due to the infrequency of records of Stemonitales in southern India, especially in a territory like Pondicherry, a union territory of India with no appreciable forest cover and low biodiversity.

Keywords Acellular slime mould – Biodiversity – Myxomycetes
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Article Number 13
Title

Mycenastrum catimbauense (Agaricales, Basidiomycota), a new puffball species from the Brazilian semi–arid region

Authors

Gurgel RAF, Melanda GCS, Ferreira RJ, Alfredo DS and Baseia IG

Received 27 August 2017
Accepted 08 October 2017
Published Online 25 October 2017
Corresponding Author Iuri Goulart Baseia– e-mail – iuri.baseia@gmail.com
Abstract

 

Mycenastrum catimbauense is found growing in the xerophytic biome named “Caatinga” in the Catimbau National Park, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Basidiomata are found solitary in an open place and exposed to sunlight. The morphological analyses of macro- and microstructures followed the specific literature of the group. The fundamental diagnostic characteristics for this new taxon are the dark–colored peridium and gleba, tomentose peridium and spiny capillitium with brittle thorns. Full description, color photographs of the basidiomata and microstructures of this new species, and a discussion are provided.

Keywords Biodiversity – Gasteromycetes – Lycoperdales – Neotropics – Taxonomy
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Article Number 14
Title

Endophytic Mycodiversity of Sacred Tree – Couroupita guianensis Aubl.

Authors

Velmurugan R, Ramesh V, Meenatchi A, Bagyalakshmi and Rajendran A

Received 21 June 2017
Accepted 14 July 2017
Published Online 07 November 2017
Corresponding Author Rajendran A. – e-mail – arvhnsnbotany@yahoo.co.in
Abstract

 

In the present study, a total of 142 fungal strains were isolated from 180 samples of the leaf, stem and bark tissues of sacred tree Couroupita guianensis from an unusual semi-arid tropical region. The tissues of the samples were grown in potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium and the endophytic mycoflora were identified based on the morphological characteristics. Among all the strains, 130 were fertile, which belong to 11 species and 12 sterile morpho species. The relative frequency of isolated individual endophytic fungal group consists of hyphomycetes (41.5%), coelomycetes (32.4%), ascomycetes (13.4%), zygomycetes (4.2%) and sterile fungi (8.5%). Among the fungal isolates, Scytalidium acidophilum and Mycosphaerella sp. were recorded as the most dominant fungal isolates in the leaf tissues, Cladosporium cladosporioides and Colletotrichum falcatum were observed as the dominant endophytic fungal isolates in the stem tissues and Botryodiplodia theobromae was found to be predominant species in bark tissues of C. guianensis. The species of Colletotrichum were found only in stem tissues. Therefore, the endophytic mycodiversity were high and abundant and they were distinctly associated with host plant. All statistical analyses confirmed that leaf tissues contained more endophytes than the stem and bark while Colletotrichum exhibited organ specificity. The present study revealed that the sacred tree C. guianensis is one of the ecological niches for sheltering endophytic mycoflora eventhough in harsh climatic conditions. 

Keywords Colletotrichum – PDA organ specificity – semi-arid region – tropical region
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Article Number 15
Title

Diversity of non–Laboulbenialean fungi on millipedes

Authors

Enghoff H and Reboleira ASPS

Received 30 May 2017
Accepted 08 November 2017
Published Online 13 November 2017
Corresponding Author De-Gang Zhao– e-mail – dgzhao@gzu.edu.cn
Abstract

New records are given for secondary capilliconidia of Basidiobolus from several species of millipedes (Diplopoda) belonging to three different orders. The anamorph ‘Thaxteriola’ stage of Rhynchomyces is recorded (with doubt) from a Brazilian millipede belonging to the order Spirostreptida. An enigmatic fungus showing characteristics of Coreomycetopsis, Hormiscioideus and Antennopsis is recorded from two species of Danish millipedes of the order Julida. Peculiar structures, tentatively referred to fungi are recorded from several millipede orders where they occur between micro–scutes of the external cuticle.

Keywords Amphoromorpha – Antennopsis – Ascomycota – Basidiobolus – Coreomycetopsis – Diplopoda – Hormiscioideus – Mucoromycotina – Pyxidiophora – Rhynchomyces – Zygomycota
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Article Number 16
Title

Lichenicolous fungi of Ukraine: an annotated checklist

Authors

Darmostuk VV and Khodosovtsev AYe

Received 16 July 2017
Accepted 04 September 2017
Published Online 17 November 2017
Corresponding Author Valeriy V. Darmostuk – e-mail – valeriy_d@i.ua
Abstract

The checklist is based on 137 references and it includes data on the distribution of 220 taxa of lichenicolous fungi in Ukraine. Four species are based on dubious records. The Crimea (80 species) and Carpathians Mts (64 species) have highest observed species diversity of the lichenicolous fungi. Among plain territories, most species-rich regions are Kherson (64 species) and Mykolaiv (37 species), and both regions were intensively surveyed for lichenicolous fungi. Most frequent host genera recorded are Lecanora s. lat. (23 species), Cladonia (17 species), Xanthoria s. lat. (15 species), Aspicilia s. lat. (14 species) and Caloplaca s. lat. (13 species). Most diverse taxonomical groups of lichenicolous fungi recorded are Capnodiales (21 species), Arthoniales (18 species) and Hypocreales (13 species). Katherinomyces cetrariae, Lichenochora hypanica, Lichenostigma svandae, Norrlinia medoborensis, Phoma pisutii, Pronectria diplococca, P. caloplacae, Rosellinula frustulosae, Sphaerellothecium aculeatae, Pleospora xanthoriae, Trichoconis hafellneri and Zwackhiomyces polischukii were described from type localities in Ukraine. 

Keywords Arthoniales – Ascomycota – Basidiomycota – Capnodiales – host – lichen
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Article Number 17
Title

Sebacina aureomagnifica (Sebacinales, Basidiomycota): an unexpected discovery from the Brazilian Caatinga

Authors

Wartchow F, Sá MCA, Conceição LB, Silva DRC and Marques MFO

Received 20 July 2017
Accepted 07 November 2017
Published Online 17 November 2017
Corresponding Author Felipe Wartchow – e-mail – fwartchow@yahoo.com.br
Abstract

Sebacina aureomagnifica, recently described from Atlantic Forest is recorded for the first time from the Brazilian Caatinga Biome of Bahia, Brazil. Full description, photographs of the basidiome, drawings of the microstructures and a discussion of S. aureomagnifica are provided.

Keywords Agaricomycetes – Neotropic – Sebacinaceae – taxonomy
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About Studies in Fungi

Studies In Fungi publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

All manuscripts will undergo peer review before acceptance. Studies in Fungi will publish each manuscript as quickly as possible following acceptance by the editors. We have requested an ISSN number and are presently sending printed copies of each paper to 10 international libraries until this is received to fulfill the requirements of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants.

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